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Catering packaging | "plastic limit" New Deal test, how to deal with catering packaging?

 Time:2020-12-21

 my country's catering industry is developing rapidly. At the end of the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the total social retail sales of my country's catering industry will exceed 5 trillion yuan, roughly equivalent to the total scale of the US catering market. Online catering services are another important branch of my country's catering industry, and it is also the largest consumer of disposable plastic tableware. At present, the scale of the food delivery market has reached hundreds of billions. The pollution problem brought about by the rapid development of the catering industry has become increasingly prominent. Taking online catering as an example, 20 million orders per day produce at least 20 million meal boxes and plastic bags.

 
Interpretation of the New Deal
On January 16, 2020, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment jointly issued the "Opinions on Further Strengthening the Control of Plastic Pollution", which once again set off a new upsurge of plastic restrictions. The new version of the Plastic Restriction Order points out that by the end of 2020, my country will take the lead in banning and restricting the production, sales and use of some plastic products in some regions and areas. By the end of 2022, the consumption of disposable plastic products will be significantly reduced and alternative products will be promoted. . The upgraded version of the "plastic restriction order" was introduced after two years of deliberation. It can be seen that its coverage is wider, the governance ideas are clearer, and more targeted and pragmatic governance is proposed for plastic pollution in different fields. Measures.
 
Regarding the food and beverage takeaway packaging that has received much attention, the new version of the "plastic restriction order" also follows the general idea of ​​"banning a batch, restricting a batch, and replacing a batch", and puts forward clear governance requirements in stages and regions.
 
Banning a batch: By the end of 2020, it is required to prohibit the production and sale of disposable foamed plastic tableware. "Because polystyrene foamed plastic products contain carcinogenic chemicals such as benzene and styrene, once ingested by the human body, they will seriously damage the nervous system, lungs and reproductive organs. At the same time, when waste is incinerated, it is also easy to release furans and dioxins. Toxic and harmful gases such as oxin” (The Status of Plastics, UN Environment, 2018). Therefore, prohibiting the production and sales of foamed plastic tableware at the source and completely eliminating disposable polystyrene foamed plastics are also the common trend of plastic pollution control in all countries in the world.
 
Restrict one batch: First, it is forbidden to use non-degradable disposable plastic tableware in catering services in built-up areas, scenic spots and other places. Secondly, by 2025, the consumption intensity of non-degradable disposable plastic tableware in the food and beverage delivery area of ​​cities above the prefecture level will decrease by 30%.
 
Substitute a batch: In the field of food delivery, it is necessary to promote the use of alternative products such as bio-based products and biodegradable plastic bags that meet performance and food safety requirements. In addition, the "Opinions" put responsibilities on the take-out platform, requiring take-out platform companies to strengthen the management of merchants stationed in, formulate an alternative implementation plan for the reduction of disposable plastic products, and release the implementation status to the society. This requirement will make the implementation of the "plastic restriction order" faster.
 
Discussion on the Governance Thinking of Alternatives
In the alternatives clearly proposed in the "Opinions", e-commerce, agricultural mulch, shopping bags and other fields require the use of biodegradable materials to replace traditional plastics to prevent disposable plastic films from being scattered into the environment and causing harm to the environment. However, why does the alternative in the field of catering takeaway packaging not use the same biodegradable materials, but use a different expression such as bio-based products and biodegradable plastic bags?
 
Bio-based materials refer to new materials and chemicals manufactured using biomass as raw materials, including bio-based plastics, bio-based chemicals, sugar engineering products, and renewable biological resources such as grains, legumes, cotton, straw and wood fiber Biomass such as vinegar is the raw material or its composite material with plastic. Its environmental advantage is to reduce the consumption of petroleum resources and reduce carbon emissions. Some bio-based materials can be degraded, while others are not.
 
Bio-based catering takeaway packaging waste treatment methods and their environmental impact
 
Hundreds of billions of biodegradable plastics in sight?
According to Cinda Securities' speculation, the demand for biodegradable plastics in my country is expected to reach 1.3 million tons by 2025. In the next five years, driven by the ban on plastics, the demand for degradable plastics in my country will increase substantially. Guosen Securities also predicts that the four key application areas of disposable tableware, disposable plastic bags, agricultural mulch and packaging plastic film have a total potential demand of 10.17 million tons. The penetration rate of biodegradable plastics in China is only 0.62%, and the scale of 100 billion yuan seems to be in sight.
 
The potential demand seems to have injected a dose of stimulant into this market. Up to now, 30 provinces (regions and cities) across the country have successively issued local versions of implementation plans to strengthen plastic pollution control. Also excited is the plastics industry. According to the data of the professional version of Tianyancha, there are currently more than 130,000 business scopes in my country including "recycling, recycling, PET, HDPE, PVC, LDPE, PP, PS", and the status is active, surviving, moving in, and moving out. Companies related to plastic recycling. As of November 12, subject to industrial and commercial registration, from the beginning of 2020 to the present, there have been nearly 25,000 newly established companies related to recyclable plastics, which is basically the same as that of 2019.
 
How to deal with the food delivery packaging industry
Under the general trend of "plastic ban", the catering industry should also formulate different alternatives based on the characteristics and packaging needs of different foods based on the guiding ideology of the "Opinions". The following table summarizes the packaging alternatives for common take-out foods and is for industry reference only.
 
With the introduction of the "plastic limit" new policy, we can see that the top-level design has a clear idea of ​​environmental pollution control and a firm determination. We believe that with the joint efforts of platform companies, the catering industry, the food packaging industry and the majority of consumers, through policy guidance and technological progress , Business model innovation, consumer behavior change, domestic waste disposal methods, and other methods to form a multi-pronged co-governance system involving governments, enterprises, industry organizations, and the public, which will surely be able to develop in the era of rapid development of new Internet retail Next, protect our "green water and green mountains" and realize our sustainable development in the process of great rejuvenation.
 
In order to better promote the development of China's catering industry-catering packaging industry, Gordon Commercial and related authorities are scheduled to hold the "2021 China Catering Industry Expo" (abbreviated as: 2021) at the National Convention and Exhibition Center-Shanghai Hongqiao from May 06 to 08, 2021 CIE CHINA). During the exhibition, international import and export food (meat) policies and laws and regulations exchange meeting, central kitchen construction and innovation development forum, microwave heating and catering packaging materials summit, cold chain logistics and catering supply chain development summit forum, and new catering retail will also be held during the exhibition. Forum activities such as industry summits such as the Extreme Entrepreneurship Conference and the Selection Conference of Restaurant Chain Franchise Brands. GOLDENEXPO, the organizer of CIE CHINA, hopes to focus on the latest market information and business opportunities in the industry through the combination of exhibitions and activities, and the rich content of exhibitions and forums to deliver the latest and most comprehensive industry to industry insiders and all walks of life News.
 
Gordon Commercial focuses on creating the first professional sourcing event for China's catering industry!
 
For more details, please call 021-64396190 or send an email to info@goldenexpo.com.cn for exhibition inquiries.


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